Bartonellan aiheuttama infektio on yleinen erityisesti lapsilla. Bakteeritartunnan voi saada eläinten pureman ja raapiman lisäksi esim. punkeista ja kirpuista. (2010)
Bartonella henselae and the Potential for Arthropod Vector-Borne Transmission
To cite this article:
Mark E. Mosbacher, Stephen Klotz, John Klotz, Jacob L. Pinnas. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases.
Online Ahead of Print: October 25, 2010
Full Text: ? HTML ? PDF for printing (167 KB) ? PDF w/ links (167.8 KB)
Mark E. Mosbacher,1
John Klotz,3 and
Jacob L. Pinnas2
1Third World Veterinary, Fountain Hills, Arizona.
2Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
3Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California.
Address correspondence to:
Third World Veterinary
PO Box 19558
Fountain Hills, AZ 85269
Introduction: Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of the illness referred to as cat scratch disease, is a common infection, particularly in children, and clinicians need to be aware of its potential transmission to humans by arthropod vectors such as fleas and ticks in addition to animal bites and scratches. The absence of a vertebrate bite or scratch does not preclude infection with B. henselae.
Materials and Methods: Literature regarding arthropod transmission of B. henselae was reviewed.
Results: B. henselae appears to be transmitted among cats and dogs in vivo exclusively by arthropod vectors (excepting perinatal transmission), not by biting and scratching. In the absence of these vectors disease does not spread. On the other hand, disease can be spread to humans by bites and scratches, and it is highly likely that it is spread as well by arthropod vectors.
Discussion: Clinicians should be aware that a common illness, infection with B. henselae, can be transmitted by arthropod vectors and a history of an animal scratch or bite is not necessary for disease transmission.